Arrange the cabbage wedges in the prepared baking dish in a single layer, then scatter the carrots, onions, and garlic around the cabbage.
Pour the chicken broth over the contents of the dish and add bay leaves. Drizzle olive oil over all the vegetables and season everything with salt and pepper to your taste.
Cover the dish with aluminum foil and place it in the middle of the oven. Bake for 1 hour and 45 minutes or until the vegetables are tender.
Halfway through the baking time, carefully use tongs to flip the cabbage wedges over. If they're falling apart slightly; it's normal. If the mixture appears dry, add more water or broth.
Bake uncovered for an additional 15 minutes to allow the vegetables to brown slightly. Discard the bay leaves before serving.